ABOUT TURKEY

GEOGRAPHY

Location: The Republic of Turkey is an intercontinental country spanning Europe and Asia. It is surround by the Black Sea to the north; the Mediterranean Sea to the south; the Aegean Sea to the west, with Greece and Bulgaria as bordering neighbors. To the east, it is contiguous with Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran. Located at the crossroads between Europe and Asia, it is an industrial and trade center to countries in the Black Sea area and the Near East.

Climate : Turkey has a diverse climate, with a long, hot and dry summer and a cold winter, when cold fronts bring rain and snow. The coastal areas have a temperate Mediterranean climate, while the inland plateau experiences a drier tropical savanna or desert climate. Endowed with a diverse climate, fertile soil, and ample sunshine, the country is one of the best places in the world to produce dried fruits.

CULTURE AND TOURISM

Culture: Turkey is the cradle of cultures and civilizations connecting Europe and Asia and capital of civilizations that have reined the lands of Anatolia for centuries. Since the beginning of history, Anatolia, well known as one the earliest settlements, has continued to flourish with the migration of various tribes, and accumulated a large cultural heritage through a line of succeeding empires and civilizations. Many empires ranging from the Sumerians to the Hittites, the Lydians to the Byzantines and the Seljuks to the Ottomans have once thrived and expired within the borders of Turkey. Turkish culture which has evolved under the influence of various communities over the centuries and spread over the extensive lands of Anatolia attracts the attention for its unique elements. At the crossroads of the East and the West, Turkish culture, from its cuisine to social life, bears the traces of different cultures. National and religious holidays are celebrated with great enthusiasm in Turkey every year.

Culinary Culture: The richness of variety Turkish cuisine possesses is due to several factors. The variety of products offered by the lands of Asia and Anatolia, interaction with numerous different cultures over a long historical process, the new tastes developed in the palace kitchens of the Seljuk and Ottoman empires have all played a part in shaping the new character of our culinary culture. Turkish Cuisine, which in general consists of sauced dishes prepared with cereals, various vegetables and some meat, soups, cold dishes cooked with olive oil, pastry dishes and dishes made from wild vegetation has also produced a series of health foods such as pekmez, yogurt, bulgur etc. The eating habits which reflect the tastes changing from one location to the next, gains a new meaning and near - sacredness on special occasions, celebrations and ceremonies. Turkish Cuisine, while rich in variety and taste-bud friendly, also contains examples which could provide a source for healthy and balanced diets and vegetarian cuisines.

Craft: Traditional Turkish handicrafts form a rich mosaic by bringing together genuine values with the cultural heritage of the different civilizations which have passed through Anatolia over the millennia. Traditional Turkish handicrafts include; carpet-making, rug-making, sumac, cloth-weaving, writing, tile-making, ceramics and pottery, embroidery, leather manufacture, musical instrument-making, masonry, copper work, basket-making, saddle-making, felt-making, weaving, woodwork, cart-making etc.

Tourism: Turkey has several unique opportunities for different type of tourism compiled under the category of alternative tourism, which include, in addition to coastal tourism , health and thermal tourism, winter sports, mountain climbing and layout tourism, adventure trips, plateau tourism and ecotourism, conference and expo tourism, cruise ship and yatch tourism, golf tourism, etc.